Sunday, May 22, 2016

Judge smacks down David Levy, Palm Beach Gardens term limit scofflaw

Last we heard of David Levy, the 4-term incumbent Palm Beach Gardens vice mayor was battling in court to sneak around the popular new -- and retroactive -- term limits law in order to run for a fifth term. 

The Palm Beach Gardens term limit law and its retroactivity provision passed in 2014 by 79% and 69%, respectively.  In running in the March 15 municipal election, Levy made the novel case that since he resigned three months before the end of his term that he is no longer an incumbent. As I stated in a previous post on the subject, to my knowledge no court anywhere has permitted a politician to quit early and then immediately run for re-election to avoid a term limits law.

Palm Beach Gardens won't be the first.

In his May 18 decision, Judge Martin Colin stated without equivocation: "The court finds ... a candidate for City Council cannot seek reelection to a third, consecutive term after having been regularly elected to two terms regardless of any break in service." This is hardly surprising, as this is basically just a restatement of the term limits amendment itself.

But then why is David Levy's name still on the ballot? 

But then why is David Levy's name still on the ballot for the upcoming run-off election for a council seat against Carl W. Woods?

Interestingly, the judge found a technicality in the retroactivity provision that could be read -- although nobody did prior to the court case -- to have only one past term count against an incumbent running for reelection, not all of them. This would seemingly permit Levy to be elected to one more term. And, having proven his disrespect for the clear intent of the voters, it is a technicality that Levy aims to exploit. 

The offending article -- literally the article 'a' -- is found in the retroactivity provision of Section 4-1 of the city charter, the term limits law: "Service in a term of office which commenced prior to the effective date of any term limit enacted on council members will be credited against any term limitation approved by the Palm Beach Gardens electorate." The judge took this 'a' to mean 'one,' as it is a singular article.

Of course, 'a' does not necessary mean only one, as for example the article 'the' or the number 'one' would. Indeed, until the court case every participant in the election assumed as self evident that the provision made the term limits law fully retroactive. The amendment's authors intended it that way, it was sold to voters that way, voters understood they were voting for full retroactivity and even Levy in trying to gut the term limits law didn't immediately see this opportunity to attack the law. Instead he led with his absurd 'break in service' excuse.

It appears Judge Colin was willing to make this stretch to accommodate Levy as he did not want to overturn the results of the March 15 election. Call it a compromise.

But it might be a moot point anyway as Levy has to win the runoff election before he can be seated again. Even as a long-term incumbent, his victory is not certain. Levy squeaked out a plurality (6,642 votes) in the March 15 election against Carl Woods (6,256 votes) and Kevin Easton (1,103 votes). Easton dropped out, endorsing Woods against the scofflaw. The Palm Beach Post also has endorsed Woods, citing in part the term limits law.

So, the voters of Palm Beach Gardens have the opportunity to finish what they started in 2014 with the electoral blow for competitive elections, rotation in office and improved representation. Don't forget to vote!

Friday, May 20, 2016

Sukhia solidifies his support for Congressional term limits

This blog took Congressional candidate Ken Sukhia to task in a recent post for apparent waffling on the issue of Congressional term limits. Since then Sukhia has clarified his position, making a bold commitment in favor of the popular reform by signing the U.S. Term Limits Congressional pledge.

The former federal prosecutor and GOP primary candidate for Florida's 2nd Congressional District put pen to paper and pledged to "cosponsor and vote for" the Congressional term limits amendment if elected to the Congress this year.

Sukhia is the 13th Congressional candidate in Florida to sign the pledge in 2016, a list which includes a primary opponent Mary Thomas. Thomas was first to sign and has been using the pledge to differentiate herself from the rest of the primary field.

Other primary opponents running for this open Panhandle seat include Jeff Moran and Neal Dunn, neither of whom have pledged support for Congressional term limits. To see the full list of signers in Florida, go here.

With support from large majorities of Democrats, Republicans and independents, most politicians claim to support term limits in some vague way and then take no action once elected.  However, pledge signers are genuine supporters of term limits who have specified exactly what action they will take on behalf of voters.

Activists are urged to present the USTL pledge to Congressional candidates.
If they sign, we'll do our best to let the voters in their districts know it. If they don't, well, we'll let them know that too.

Friday, April 29, 2016

The two faces of Ken Sukhia, candidate for Congressional permanence

It is an old, old story.

A politician or wannabe politician announces he is a staunch supporter of term limits in general, as he knows the lion's share of voters are. But he will quibble about some detail that allows him to be a opponent of any specific term limit proposal.

Thus, the politician can nod to his pro-term limits constituents and simultaneously wink at the anti-term limits lobbyists.

The latest exhibit in this dusty pantheon is former federal prosecutor Ken Sukhia who is running in the Republican primary for Florida's 2nd Congressional district.

Here is Sukhia, captured on YouTube, dissembling before a would-be constituent.

Kudos to the voter who asked him the question about term limits. Let's keep popping the question to candidates at public meetings -- and posting the results. We need to hold these candidates accountable.

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

FIRST ROUND: David Levy 1, Palm Beach Gardens voters 0

Palm Beach Gardens Vice Mayor David Levy remains on the ballot for the March 15 municipal election per a Jan. 27 ruling by Palm Beach County Circuit Judge Meenu Sasser.

Levy is a 4-term incumbent who is running for reelection in defiance of a voter-approved term limits initiative limiting city council members to two terms in office and a separate voter-approved measure making the new law retroactive. The two measures passed in 2014 by 79% and 69% of the vote, respectively.

In running, Levy is making the novel case that since he resigned three months before the end of his term that he is no longer an incumbent. To my knowledge, no court anywhere has permitted a politician to quit early and then immediately run for re-election to avoid a term limits law.

Importantly, Judge Sasser was not the first to do so either. In fact, she did not rule that Levy is eligible for the office. Instead, she dismissed the case against Levy because the person who challenged his eligibility to run apparently didn’t have the standing to do so.

Sid Dinerstein, the Palm Beach Gardens resident and voter who sued to prevent Levy from defying the new law, apparently does not have standing as he was not directly injured by Levy's action. Dinerstein's attorney argued that Dinerstein was a voter and since this was a voter initiative that was being defied, that Dinerstein should have standing.

The case is not over. If Levy wins the election, the suit will be re-launched and justice will surely be served. That's the good news.

The bad news is that due to Levy's arrogance an election may be botched, voters disenfranchised and significant taxpayers' monies wasted -- all in a vain attempt to retain a meager title and stipend.

Thursday, February 11, 2016

Term Limits Convention: One down, 33 to Go!

In the end, it was nearly unanimous. With no 'nay' votes in the House at the end of January and perhaps three in the Senate yesterday, the Florida legislature approved the Term Limits Convention application with voice votes.

With this bipartisan vote, Florida became the first state to officially request an amendment convention limited to the issue of Congressional term limits under Article V of the U.S. Constitution.

Under Article V, if two-thirds of the states request such a convention, Congress 'shall' call it. States will send delegates to craft the amendment and then it would be sent to the states for ratification by three-quarters of them, or 38.

The victory in Florida was a boost to the 12 other states with active Term Limits Convention campaigns under way. These are Alaska, Utah, Colorado, Missouri, Louisiana, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia, Michigan, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.

Special thanks to Florida Rep. Larry Metz and Sen. Aaron Bean for taking the lead as sponsors on these bills, attending to the committee battles and bringing them to successful final votes. 

Get involved! Sign up at

Monday, January 25, 2016

ACTION ALERT: Term Limits Convention to get floor vote!

It is decision time.

Will Florida become the first state to officially apply for the Term Limits Convention to propose a constitutional amendment to reform the U.S. Congress?

We will find out this week, as HM 417 and SM 630 have passed all four of their committee hurdles and have been scheduled for a floor vote in the House. We expect quick successive votes on the measures, with the first on Wednesday or perhaps even sooner. (I will update this blog post as additional information is available.)

Your state reps need to hear from you today!  Go here to look up your reps and send them a quick email message urging them to vote 'yes' on the Term Limits Convention memorial HM 417 / SM 630.

There are currently Term Limits Convention campaigns in eight states, but Florida is positioned to be first across the finish line. This would be a victory in itself, but just as importantly it will give impetus to the seven other campaigns.

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Term Limits Convention approved by House committee, Brevard REC

Rep. Matt Caldwell
It was a big day for the Term Limits Convention today, as the bill calling for the Article V amendment convention (HM 417) passed its second and last House committee and won a unanimous endorsement by the membership of the Brevard Republican Executive Committee.

The bill was approved in the House State Affairs Committee in a 14-3 vote, with chairman -- and dependable term limits advocate -- Rep. Matt Caldwell (R-Fort Myers) presiding.

In the Senate, the TLC bill (SB 630) already passed two Senate committees late last year.

The TLC is now expected to see floor votes in both houses of the Florida legislature during the 2016 session which opened this week.

If it passes both chambers, Florida will be the first state to apply for amendment convention limited solely to the issue of Congressional term limits. Upon application of 34 states, Article V of the U.S. Constitution requires that Congress "shall" call the convention for the purpose of drafting the amendment. The resulting amendment must be ratified by 38 states.

The members of the Brevard Republican Executive Committee applaud the idea and, with a unanimous vote, became the third county Republican Party to officially endorse the Term Limits Convention at their January meeting. Chairman Barbara Davis led the vote of about 80 BREC members.

Previous resolutions in favor of the TLC passed with wide margins in Palm Beach and Volusia Counties in 2015.